The police in India are as old as the nation herself. Ancient India saw police as an instrument under the kings. They were ministers or important individuals who were vested with police functions. The Moghul period some kind of organized patterns set into the police system. However there were glaring differences between systems of policing from one state to another which was noticed by the British. Realizing the need for a unified policing system in India, the British by a process of experimentation evolved the existing pattern of Police that was embodied in the Indian Police Act, Act-V of 1861. Modeled on the pattern of the army, the police personnel are to be utilized mainly for quelling disturbances by the civil population. This system has been the basis for the formation and functioning of all police systems in India that are constantly waging a war against internal enemies.
Some area of AP was for a long time under the Vijayanagar dynasty that was founded by Sri Krishnadevaraya. The organization of the police during this period was called the Kaveli System or the Hindoo Police. In each village, town, city and district were stationed officers of police with gradations of rank and numbers of retainers commensurate with their ranges, from that of the humblest Kavilgar to the most powerful Poligar. The Kavilgars were entrusted the internal security and tranquility of the state. They were armed and paid by means of contributions from every inhabitant in addition to an assessment amount. The Poligars were expected to join the king?s army in times of external danger. They were entrusted with the safety of public property and were armed with the means and paid for the purpose of protecting it. They were held responsible and questioned for all thefts, robberies, depredation, detection and apprehension of public offenders. When the British came in the 19th century they introduced a system of policing that initiated a process of transition from military diplomacy to a modernized system.
It was the Madras Act XXIV of 1859 which marked the beginning of the Madras Police and shortly later, the Police Act of 1861 instituted the system of police which forms the foundation of modern day police in India. The "Ceded Areas" of Andhra, as they were popularly known, continued as a part of the Madras Police and it was only in October 1953, after the birth of a separate Andhra State, that the Andhra State Police gained individual existence. Finally with the formation of the Andhra Pradesh State on the 1st November 1956 integrating the Telugu speaking areas the modern day Andhra Pradesh Police came into existence.
The Police Act 1861 instituted the system of policing which is in force in India today. It is Act V that regulates the organization, recruitment and discipline of the India Police. With the induction of the Police Code in 1865 and the creation of the post of Inspector General of Police, there was a marked improvement in the law and order scenario in the country.
Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014 is an Act of Indian Parliament proclaiming the bifurcation of the Andhra Pradesh state into two states, Telangana and the residuary Andhra Pradesh. The Act consists of all aspects of division of assets and liabilities, and finalized the boundaries. The appointed day of the new state of Andhra Pradesh was 2 June 2014 as per MHA.The process of division of the police force is yet to be completed and is underway.
Krishna District History
Krishna District with its District Head quarters at Machilipatnam is one of the important coastal districts in Andhra Pradesh. It was previously called as Machilipatnam District and later it was renamed as Krishna District as the holy river Krishna is passing through this area and joins Bay of Bengal near Hamsaladeevi of Koduru Mandal. In the year 1924, Krishna district was divided into Krishna, West Godavari and Guntur Districts.
On 04.04.2022 Bifurcation of new districts in AP again new Krishna District formed with Machilipatnam Parliament constituency existing with 7 Assembly constituencies (Machilipatnam, Pedana, Gudivada, Gannavaram, Penamaluru, Pamarru, Avanigadda). This District Divided into 3 Revenue Divisions i.e. Machilipatnam, Gudivada, Vuyyuru (new), 25 Mandals, 1-Municpal corporation 3 Municipalities and 1 Nagara panchayath, 127KMs Coastal Area from Chinnagollapalem (v), Kruthivennu Mandal to Yelichetladibba (V) of Nagayalanka (M). The district is divided into upland and delta area. The Population of district 17.35 lakhs as per 2011 census.
The Krishna District is bounded on the North by NTR and Eluru District, South by Bapatla District, East on Bay of Bengal and the Western side by Guntur. This District predominantly occupies an important place for agriculture, which is the main source of income of the people. Paddy crop is the main produce in this district. The district is well served by roads and railways. Krishna District is free from factionist/radicalism. Law & Order is under control. Vijayawada Police Commissionerate (initially Krishna Urban Police District) is separated from Krishna District in the year 1983.
District Police Data
District Police Office (DPO) Head quarter is Machilipatnam and 04 Police Sub-Divisions, 9 Circles, 6 SHO inspector are 33 Law & order Police Stations, 01 Mahila Police Station, 03 Marine Police Station, 04 Traffic Police Stations, 03 CCS Stations 03 Highway Patrolling Mobiles And Road safety Mobiles 04.
National Highways NH16 (old NH 5) (33 KMs Gudavalli to Bommuluru), NH-65 (old NH-9) (62.5 KMs Kanuru to Machilipatnam), NH165 (old 214)(15.2 KMs Pamarru to Chotapalli) and NH-216 (old 214-A) (98 KMs Pallepalem bridge to Puligadda)
Krishna District is having Gannavaram International Air Port, Coordinates - 16°31′59.88″ N 80°40′0″E, Elevation AMSL - 82 ft / 25 m, Runway Length - 7,500 ft / 2,286 m, Surface – Asphalt, Terminal Capacity Domestic - 50 person arrival, 100 person departure, Total Space - 850 sq meter, Daily – 13 Flights are Takeoff from this airport (International Flight – 1 weekly)
Sub-Jails 04 (Machilipatnam, Gudivada, Gannavaram and Avanigadda)
PLACES TO VISIT & IMPORTANCE
Krishna district headquarters is Machilipatnam (Bandar), Bandar Laddu (Sweet), Chilakalapudi Bangaram (Imitation Jewellery), Pedana Kalamkari (Block printed Cotton textiles) and Bandar Halwa (Sweet). Krishna district is the symbol of cultural heritage of Telugu people. This is the sacred place where river Krishna meets the Bay of Bengal. A beautiful destination, lakhs of pilgrims worship Lord Venugopala Swamy in Magha Poornima at Sagara Sangamam, Hamsaladeevi in Koduru Mandal. Machilipatnam is Having a fishing port. Manginapudi Beach, Dattashram, Sri Panduranga Swamy temple in Chilakalapudi, Machilipatnam Church, Buddist Musuem in Ghantasala, Sri Kakula Andhra Vishnu temple, Srikakulam (v), (Sri Krishna Devarayalu visited place), Agastheeswara Temple, Gudivada, and Joseph Thambi Shrine Roman Catholic church, Pedaauvutapalli (v) etc are some of the major tourist spots in Machilipatnam area. Kalahasti wall hangings and intricate floral and vegetal designs of Kalamkari fabrics attract tourists who buy these as souvenirs. A Catholic Church built during the Dutch era (nearly 200 years old) is worth a visit. This is the birth place of Siddhendra Yogi, the originator of the classical Kuchipudi dance form. A dance school by the name Siddhendra kalakshetram trains many students every year, promoting the Kuchipudi dance.
Pingali Venkayya is an Indian freedom fighter and the designer of the Indian national Flag is also belonging Batlapenumarru (v), Movva (M), Krishna District. Sri Valli Devasena Sametha Subramanyeswara Temple is located in Mopidevi, The famous fort of challapalli was built in the year 1576 and is being ruled by Jamindars.
The important vital installations are in Krishna District are 1) Light house at Manginapudi beach 2) Radar Station in Machilipatnam 3) BEL company in Machilipatnam 4) DRDO Missile launching station at Gullalamoda (v), Nagayalanka (M) (under construction) and 5) Light house at Sorlagondi (v), Nagayalanka (M).
Krishna District is famous for Education. Krishna University is located in Machilipatnam town and a Medical college in the name of Sri Pinnamaneni Siddardha Institutions & Medical Sciences is located at Chinaavutapalli (v). Another medical college is proposed to be constructed at Machilipatnam town. In addition to the above, number of engineering colleges, intermediate colleges, polytechnic and ITI colleges are located.