The police in India are as old as the nation herself. Ancient India saw police as an instrument under the kings. They were ministers or important individuals who were vested with police functions. The Moghul period some kind of organized patterns set into the police system. However there were glaring differences between systems of policing from one state to another which was noticed by the British. Realizing the need for a unified policing system in India, the British by a process of experimentation evolved the existing pattern of Police that was embodied in the Indian Police Act, Act-V of 1861. Modeled on the pattern of the army, the police personnel are to be utilized mainly for quelling disturbances by the civil population. This system has been the basis for the formation and functioning of all police systems in India that are constantly waging a war against internal enemies.
Some area of AP was for a long time under the Vijayanagar dynasty that was founded by Sri Krishnadevaraya. The organization of the police during this period was called the Kaveli System or the Hindoo Police. In each village, town, city and district were stationed officers of police with gradations of rank and numbers of retainers commensurate with their ranges, from that of the humblest Kavilgar to the most powerful Poligar. The Kavilgars were entrusted the internal security and tranquility of the state. They were armed and paid by means of contributions from every inhabitant in addition to an assessment amount. The Poligars were expected to join the king?s army in times of external danger. They were entrusted with the safety of public property and were armed with the means and paid for the purpose of protecting it. They were held responsible and questioned for all thefts, robberies, depredation, detection and apprehension of public offenders. When the British came in the 19th century they introduced a system of policing that initiated a process of transition from military diplomacy to a modernized system.
It was the Madras Act XXIV of 1859 which marked the beginning of the Madras Police and shortly later, the Police Act of 1861 instituted the system of police which forms the foundation of modern day police in India. The "Ceded Areas" of Andhra, as they were popularly known, continued as a part of the Madras Police and it was only in October 1953, after the birth of a separate Andhra State, that the Andhra State Police gained individual existence. Finally with the formation of the Andhra Pradesh State on the 1st November 1956 integrating the Telugu speaking areas the modern day Andhra Pradesh Police came into existence.
The Police Act 1861 instituted the system of policing which is in force in India today. It is Act V that regulates the organization, recruitment and discipline of the India Police. With the induction of the Police Code in 1865 and the creation of the post of Inspector General of Police, there was a marked improvement in the law and order scenario in the country.
Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014 is an Act of Indian Parliament proclaiming the bifurcation of the Andhra Pradesh state into two states, Telangana and the residuary Andhra Pradesh. The Act consists of all aspects of division of assets and liabilities, and finalized the boundaries. The appointed day of the new state of Andhra Pradesh was 2 June 2014 as per MHA.The process of division of the police force is yet to be completed and is underway.
Krishna District History
Krishna District with its District Head quarters at Machilipatnam is one of the important coastal districts in Andhra Pradesh. It was previously called as Machilipatnam District and later it was renamed as Krishna District as the holy river Krishna is passing through this area and joins Bay of Bengal near Hamsaladeevi of Koduru Mandal.
In the year 1924, Krishna district was divided into Krishna, West Godavari and Guntur Districts. Krishna District lies between 15 – 43’ and 17– 10’ of the Northern latitude and 80 and 81 – 33’ of Eastern longitude which extends over an area of 8727 Sq., KMs with a coast line of 127 KMs in between West Godavari and Guntur Districts.
It is bounded on the North by West Godavari and Khammam, South by Guntur District on the Southern side, East on Bay of Bengal and the Western side by Khammam and Nalgonda District.
This District predominantly occupies an important place for agriculture, which is the main source of income of the people. Paddy crop is the main produce in this district. The district is well served by roads and railways.